Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder with symptoms like trouble staying focused, acting on impulse, and being overly active. No one knows for sure what causes ADHD, but research suggests that both genetics and the environment may play a role. Some potential contributing factors include brain development, injury, toxins exposure, and a family history of ADHD.
There are many effective ways to treat ADHD, such as medication, behavioural therapy, and lifestyle changes. Psychostimulant drugs, such as Ritalin and Adderall, are often used to help manage symptoms of hyperactivity and impulsivity. Behavioural treatments, such as cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) and behavioural parent training, can help individuals and families manage the symptoms of ADHD. Lifestyle changes, such as regular exercise, a balanced diet, and good sleep habits, can also help manage the symptoms of ADHD.
Working with a mental health professional is important to determine the best treatment plan for you. ADHD can be treated, but it's also a condition that lasts a person's whole life. So for long-term success, it's essential to keep managing it and getting support. For the best treatment and management of ADHD, it may be necessary to use a multidisciplinary approach that includes a mental health professional, a doctor, and other health care providers, such as a school counsellor or an occupational therapist.